Sunday, October 30, 2011

Measure words: 只 (zhī) and 顶 (dǐng)

Couple of posts ago, we watched a video to learn about the measure words in Chinese language, and looked at the most common measure word, (gè), in more detail. In the same post I also introduced few other measure words, (zhī) (zhāng) (tiáo) and (dǐng). Today let’s learn when and how to use the measure words (zhī) and (dǐng).


(zhī)

(zhī) is a measure word most commonly used to quantify one of a pair. Few examples:

两只眼睛 (liǎng zhī yǎnjīng): two eyes

两只手 (liǎng zhī shǒu): two hands

一只鞋 (yī zhī xié): one shoe

It is also used to quantify animals, boats and containers:

一只鸡 (yī zhī jī): one chicken

一只船 (yī zhī chuan): one boat

两只箱子 (liǎng zhī xiāngzi): two suitcases


(dǐng)

(dǐng) is a measure word for something with a top. It is most commonly used to quantify hats, caps. Few examples:

一顶帽子 (yī dǐng màozi): a hat

一顶帐子 (yī dǐng zhàngzi): a mosquito net


I hope this post was helpful on learning about the usage of measure words (zhī) and (dǐng). Next post we will look at the measure words (zhāng) and (tiáo) in more detail.

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